Sigmund Freud was born in Moravia in 1856, however he resided in Vienna from the age of four. Freud began his career with years of work on the anatomy and physiology of the nervous system. However, at the age of 30, with help from his friend and colleague Breuer, he came up with the concept of ‘psychoanalysis’. This stemmed from working on a method to treat neurotic patients and ended up evolving and becoming a range of workings of the mind in general, healthy or unhealthy.
His developments saw a revolution of the functionality of the working mind as a whole, whilst also focusing on sexual instinct during childhood and the examination of dreams. He was a film believer that there was a ‘hidden lair’ buried amongst each human mind, where memory and basic instincts are stored. He called this ‘the unconscious mind’.
“The relationship between cinema and psychoanalysis is as old as these two institutions themselves.”
Whilst Freud was making these advancements, changes were also being seen in the world of cinema. Producers such as the Lumiere Brothers were influenced strongly by Freud’s first book ‘On Aphasia’ which was published during a time which was considered by historians as ‘the inaugural decade of film’, meaning that the beginning of change has been marked.
Braude, S.E. (1995) ‘First Person Plural: Multiple Personality & The Philosophy Of Mind’. Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
 [ONLINE] Norton, B. Available from: [http://www.tasteofcinema.com/2015/15-mind-blowing-films-influenced-by-psychoanalysis/ ] [Last Accessed: 3rd December 2015]